International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

New records of arthropod fragments (Arachnida, Insecta) from Late Pleistocene bitumen deposits of the Absheron (Azerbaijan)

Novruzov N.E.1, Taptygova K.A.1, Eybatov T.M.2

Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Institute of Zoology, Azerbaijan block 504, Passage 1128, Baku, AZ1073:

2 Museum of Natural History of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan  3, Lermontov, Baku, AZ1006:


DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20240100116



During planned paleontological excavations in the Binagadi bitumen deposit (Absheron Peninsula), famous as one of the large burials of samples of fauna and flora of the Quaternary period, a large number of remains of fossil fauna and flora were recovered from a depth of about 1.8 m. Among them, well-preserved fragments of arthropods were identified: insects of four orders (Lepidoptera, Mantodea, Coleoptera, Odonata) and arachnids of two orders (Scorpiones, Solifugae). In the scope of the work done to identify the material, the taxonomic affiliation of the discovered chitinous fragments of arthropods was established with certainty to the genus. In total, 3 genera from the order Lepidoptera (Aporia, Vanessa, Thiotricha), 8 genera from the order Coleoptera (Hydrophilus, Cybister, Blaps, Tenebrio, Scarabaeus, Carabus, Zabrus, Nebria), one genus each from the order Mantodea (Mantis), the order Odonata (Anax), the order Scorpiones (Mesobuthus) and the order Solifugae (Galeodes) were identified. Fragments of the pedipalp (thigh, claw), segments of the metasoma and telson of scorpions (Scorpiones), chelicerae of solpugids (Solifugae), wings of butterflies (Lepidoptera) and dragonflies (Odonata), elytrae, thoracic and abdominal parts, legs of beetles (Coleoptera), anterior grasping legs (femur, tibia, tarsus) of a praying mantis (Mantodea). During the entire period of study of the world's bituminous burial flora and fauna (including Binagadi deposit), fragments of Lepidoptera, Mantodea, Odonata, Socriones and Solifugae were recorded for the first time. The collected material is stored in the Natural History Museum of Baku and in the paleozoology laboratory of the Institute of Zoology of Azerbaijan.

bitumen deposit, chitin fragments, insects, arachnids



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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20240100116